A Year of Biblical Womanhood: How a Liberated Woman Found Herself Sitting on Her Roof, Covering Her Head, and Calling Her Husband “Master”

by Rachel Held Evans.
Thomas Nelson, 2012.
321 pages.

Reviewed by Alena Amato Ruggerio

A Year of Biblical WomanhoodYou need to know the name Rachel Held Evans: she’s currently one of our best hopes of getting the message of Christian feminism out into the discourse of popular culture.  She’s a 32-year-old Southern evangelical writer who speaks and blogs full time about the intersection of women, religion, and modern American life.  Although I don’t post to the flourishing community commenting on her blog entries at www.rachelheldevans.com, I did follow her through the writing and promotion of A Year of Biblical Womanhood, in which she demonstrates the absurdity of trying to take all the Bible’s teachings about women literally for one year.

This book received a lot of attention when it was published last October.  I cheered for the author as she brought her message to the Today Show and The View.  I shook my head over what she termed “Vaginagate,” the dustup caused when LifeWay Christian booksellers declined to carry the book, probably because Rachel dared to use the word “vagina” in telling the story of her teenage abstinence pledge.  I smacked my computer screen when she was slandered online by conservatives who felt she was lampooning the Bible instead of lovingly wrestling with its difficulties.  This isn’t the first time she’s been down that road: Rachel’s first book, Evolving in Monkey Town, was about growing up in Dayton, Tennessee, the location of the Scopes creationism vs. evolution trial.  And this isn’t the first time a writer has made a dramatic point by acting as their own test subject.  A. J. Jacobs’ The Year of Living Biblically and Gretchen Rubin’s The Happiness Project are popular examples of the same kind of experiential journalism.  But there’s something about taking on the impossible task of fulfilling the Bible’s ostensible expectations of femininity that triggers extreme reactions in some Christians.

The Virtues of a Biblical Woman

Each chapter tells the story of one month in the year-long project exploring a different characteristic of biblical womanhood.

  • Gentleness: in which Rachel does penance on her roof for every minute she’s spent gossiping, swearing, nagging, or complaining like a “contentious woman”
  • Domesticity: in which Rachel cries on her kitchen floor, having lost her battle with Martha Stewart over standards of cooking and cleaning
  • Obedience: in which Rachel calls her usually-egalitarian husband, Dan, “master” and memorializes the slaves, concubines, widows, wives, and daughters of the Bible whose lives were forfeit to their “masters”
  • Valor: in which Rachel’s pursuit of the appellation “Proverbs 31 Woman” leads her to success in proclaiming that her husband is awesome at the city gate and to failure in knitting and sewing
  • Beauty: in which Rachel’s fifteen-year-old self resists the titillation of the Song of Songs with a virginity pledge
  • Modesty: in which Rachel compares her slouchy knit hat and peasant skirts to the garb and motives of her new Amish friends
  • Purity: in which Rachel sleeps in a tent in her front yard to rid her home of ritual contamination during menstruation, and cleans the cupboards to rid her home of leaven during Passover
  • Fertility: in which Rachel manages her fear of motherhood with parenting books and a Baby Think It Over doll
  • Submission: in which Rachel gives up her equal spot on “Team Dan and Rachel” in favor of losing every disagreement to her husband
  • Justice: in which Rachel endures caffeine detox migraines in the interest of fair trade, and travels to Bolivia to look poverty in the face
  • Silence: in which Rachel practices spiritual contemplation at a Benedictine monastery, a Quaker meeting, and a turtle pond
  • Grace: in which Rachel observes Rosh Hashanah with a ram’s horn and a bathroom full of challah bread

My synopsis is meant to reflect the book’s combination of serious engagement with the Bible’s problematic messages about women with the lighthearted wit of Rachel’s breezy narrative writing style.  Each chapter presents her monthly to-do checklist, the story of her experiences, insights from Bible commentaries and leading theologians, excerpts from Dan’s journal, pictures of Rachel throughout her adventures, URLs for further reading on her blog, and a closing Bible study on a woman from scripture.

Strengths and Opportunities

This book would be a disarming way to introduce a conservative person to the idea that reading the Bible is always an interpretation, and that women and other subordinate groups are the losers when patriarchal interpretations prevail.  The author hits most of the familiar Christian feminist notes: raucous female converts in Corinth, Junia and Phoebe, the open-minded example of Jesus.  I wish she had swapped inclusive language for her exclusively-masculine pronouns for God throughout the book, included end-of-chapter links to other organizations and web resources instead of just to her own blog, questioned the category of “woman” itself with the latest in trans*theory, and owned the word “feminist.”  In her online FAQ she writes in response to the question of whether or not she’s a feminist: “I’m a thoroughly liberated beneficiary of the feminist movement, complete with a blossoming career and egalitarian marriage. I strongly support women at all levels of leadership in the church, home, and society, and am suspicious of anyone who would claim that the Bible presents just one ‘right way’ to be a woman.”  Thus Rachel lays down the reins just where Christian feminists like us are equipped to pick them up and invite her readers to take the next steps of theological education and development.

A Year of Biblical Womanhood is not just for women.  Dan Evans is characterized in the book as a partner who trusts, supports, and respects his wife.  Dan’s example is a reminder that one does not enact “biblical womanhood” in a vacuum; it is always a performance in relationship and community.

© 2013 by EEWC-Christian Feminism Today

Alena Amato Ruggerio
Alena Amato Ruggerio, Ph.D. is Professor of Communication in the Department of Communication, Media, and Cinema at Southern Oregon University in Ashland, Oregon. She is a longtime member of SOU’s Gender, Sexuality, and Women’s Studies Council, including serving as the Interim Coordinator of Women's Studies for one year. She also served for eleven years on the EEWC-Christian Feminism Today Council, and has delivered plenary addresses and workshops at several CFT conferences. Dr. Ruggerio is the editor of Media Depictions of Brides, Wives, and Mothers (Lexington Books), and the coauthor of Feminism in Practice: Communication Strategies for Making Change (Waveland Press). She lives in the southwestern corner of Oregon with her husband Bradley and their astonishingly adorable cats.